Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, a high-profile, international research and policy group, recently released a report stating that â€œgood vocational training is an important part of a strong economy.â€
The report, Learning for Jobs, offers a set of policy recommendations to help countries implement strategies that are responsive to the labor market and would boost economic growth. OECDâ€™s endorsement of quality career and job training could heighten conversations being had over the United Stateâ€™s minimal investment in CTE when compared to competing countries such as China and India.
â€œPotentially, VET plays a key role in determining competitiveness,â€ the report said.
OECD refers to the career-focused educational system as Vocational Education and Training (VET), but acknowledges the different terms used across nations, including the United Stateâ€™s term of CTE. Many traits that characterize OECDâ€™s concept of â€œgoodâ€ VET are similar to that of the U.S.: industry partnerships, occupational mobility, programs based on labor market.
Among the reportâ€™s recommendations:
â€¢Offer a mix of vocational education reflecting student preferences and employersâ€™ needs.
Also, provide transferable skills to support occupational mobility. Beyond secondary level, share costs among government, employers and students based on benefits obtained.
â€¢In vocational institutions, promote partnerships with industry, encourage part-time work, and promote flexible pathways of recruitment. In the workplace, provide appropriate pedagogical preparation to those responsible for trainees and apprentices. Nationally, adopt a standardized assessment framework.
â€¢Offer sufficient incentives for both employers and students to participate in workplace training. Ensure that training is of good quality, with effective quality assurance and contractual frameworks for apprentices.