Since our last update, an additional nine states have completed their legislative sessions (16 states, five US territories and DC remain in session), locking in a new wave of policies related to Career Technical Education (CTE). While itâ€™s too early to determine any national trends, we can certainly highlight a few new pieces of legislation. In this edition, we share some state policy updates as well as a few helpful resources.
In Iowa last week, Gov. Terry Branstad signed HF 2392 into law, supporting his Future Ready Iowa goal of ensuring 70 percent of the stateâ€™s workforce has postsecondary education or training by 2025. This new law, which passed the state legislature unanimously, codifies recommendations from the Secondary CTE Task Force and updates the stateâ€™s framework for CTE that has been in the Iowa Code since 1989. The major policy changes that the law enacts include:
- Reorganizes CTE into six service areas;
- Directs the state CTE advisory board to adopt standards for the CTE service areas as well as standards for establishing and operating regional planning partnerships, which are also established by the law as â€œan efficient, effective and economical means of deliveringâ€ high-quality CTE;
- Directs school districts to develop an individualized career and academic plan for students in grade eight with an emphasis on work-based learning.
Meanwhile Georgia, building off of the 2014 Work Based Learning Act, passed a law incentivizing employers to offer work-based learning opportunities for students aged 16 and older. The law provides a discount for workersâ€™ compensation insurance policies in an effort to reduce the burden on employers.
In Missouri, the state legislature passed a combined bill that directs the board of education to establish requirements for a CTE certificate that students can earn in addition to their high school diploma (notably, with a provision to ensure that students are not â€œtrackedâ€ based on academic ability). It also modifies the composition of the stateâ€™s Career and Technical Education Advisory Council and permits the commissioner of education to appoint members. The bill has passed the legislature and awaits Governor Nixonâ€™s signature. Once signed, the CTE certificate requirements will go into effect during the 2017-18 school year.
And with Coloradoâ€™s 2016 legislative session now closed, all is quiet on the western front. The Colorado legislature passed four bills originating from the bipartisan Colorado 2016 Ready to Work package, including the creation of the Career Development Success Pilot Program, which provides financial incentives to school districts and charter schools for each student who completes â€œindustry-credential programs,â€ internships, apprenticeships or Advanced Placement coursework in high-demand fields.
Odds & Ends
While that concludes our legislative update, we would be remiss to deny you these resources and papers from some of our partners:
- The National Association of State Boards of Education (NASBE) launched a state policy database that includes regulations and practices governing college, career, and civic readiness in all states and territories.
- A new report from the Education Commission of the States (ECS) provides a brief history of state governance policies in higher education.
- Interested in mitigating teacher shortages? A five-part series, also from ECS, examines common teacher recruitment and development strategies across states.
Austin Estes, Policy Associate